Scopolia carniolica var. brevifolia

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Robert Pavlis

Scopolia carniolica var. brevifolia :photo by Robert Pavlis

Scopolia carniolica var. brevifolia is rarely found in gardens. It has interesting shinny leaves that develop very early in spring, followed by low-key flowers at a time when few perennials are flowering. It has cream-yellow flowers while the main species, Scopolia carniolica, has chocolate-red flowers. The plant pictured here was a gift from my friend at BotanyCa, a great source for rare seeds.

Scopolia carniolica var. brevifolia :photo by Robert Pavlis
Scopolia carniolica var. brevifolia :photo by Robert Pavlis

It is also known as the yellow scopolia, European scopolia and henbane bell. It is a member of the Solanaceae family and also contains alkaloids which are poisonous.

My midsummer the plant starts dying back and goes underground until the following spring. It is reported to spread mostly by rhizome fragmentation but in my garden is has expanded very slowly. It has also not made viable seeds.

Scopolia carniolica var. brevifolia :photo by Robert Pavlis
Scopolia carniolica var. brevifolia :photo by Robert Pavlis

Scopolia carniolica var. brevifolia

(sko-PO-lee-uh  kar-nee-OH-lee-ka)

Life Cycle: perennial

Height: 60 cm (24 in)

Bloom Time: spring

Natural Range: Slovenia (Scopolia carniolica from European Alps)

Habitat: damp stony wooded hills, 1000 m

Synonyms: Scopolia hladnikiana

Cultivation of Scopolia carniolica var. brevifolia

Light: part shade

Soil: average to sandy

Water: average to moist

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5 – 9

Propagation: seed, division

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Robert Pavlis

I have been gardening my whole life and have a science background. Besides writing and speaking about gardening, I own and operate a 6 acre private garden called Aspen Grove Gardens which now has over 3,000 perennials, grasses, shrubs and trees. Yes--I am a plantaholic!

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